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Today in History

Today is Sunday, May 15, the 135th day of 2011. There are 230 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On
May 15, 1911, in Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, the
Supreme Court ruled that Standard Oil was a monopoly in violation of the
Sherman Antitrust Act, and ordered its breakup.
On this date:
In
1602, English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold and his ship, the Concord,
arrived at present-day Cape Cod, which he’s credited with naming.
In 1776, Virginia endorsed American independence from Britain.
In 1886, poet Emily Dickinson died in Amherst, Mass., at age 55.
In
1930, registered nurse Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went
on duty aboard an Oakland-to-Chicago flight operated by Boeing Air
Transport (a forerunner of United Airlines).
In
1942, wartime gasoline rationing went into effect in 17 Eastern states,
limiting sales to three gallons a week for non-essential vehicles.
In 1963, astronaut L. Gordon Cooper blasted off aboard Faith 7 on the final mission of the Project Mercury space program.
In
1970, just after midnight, Phillip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl
Green, two black students at Jackson State College in Mississippi, were
killed as police opened fire during student protests.
In
1972, George C. Wallace was shot by Arthur Bremer and left paralyzed
while campaigning in Laurel, Md., for the Democratic presidential
nomination.
Marines land on Koh Tang under heavy fire in 1975
In 1975, U.S. forces invaded
the Cambodian island of Koh Tang and recaptured the American merchant
ship Mayaguez. (All 40 crew members had already been released safely by
Cambodia; some 40 U.S. servicemen were killed in the operation.)
In
1991, Edith Cresson was appointed by French President Francois
Mitterrand (frahn-SWAH’ mee-teh-RAHN’) to be France’s first female prime
minister.
Ten
years ago: Tens of thousands of Palestinians packed town squares in the
West Bank town of Ramallah as they marked what they called the day of
“catastrophe” in 1948, when they were uprooted and the state of Israel
created. A celebratory mood took hold of Japan after the palace formally
announced that Crown Princess Masako was pregnant. (Princess Aiko was
born the following December.) A runaway freight train rolled about 70
miles through Ohio with no one aboard before a railroad employee jumped
onto the locomotive and brought it to a stop.
Five
years ago: In an Oval Office address, President George W. Bush said he
would order as many as 6,000 National Guard troops to secure the U.S.
border with Mexico, and he urged Congress to give millions of illegal
immigrants a chance at citizenship. A defiant Saddam Hussein refused to
enter a plea at his trial, insisting he was still Iraq’s president as a
judge formally charged him with crimes against humanity. The Pentagon
disclosed the names of everyone detained at the Guantanamo Bay prison
since its opening four years earlier. The U.S. removed Libya from its
list of terrorist states and said it would restore normal diplomatic
relations.
One year ago: Jessica Watson,
a 16-year-old Australian who’d spent seven months at sea in her pink
yacht, became the youngest sailor to circle the globe solo, nonstop and
unassisted as she arrived in Sydney. Lookin at Lucky, ridden by new
jockey Martin Garcia, won the Preakness.
Today’s
Birthdays: Playwright Sir Peter Shaffer is 85. Actress-singer Anna
Maria Alberghetti is 75. Counterculture icon Wavy Gravy is 75. Former
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright is 74. Singer Trini Lopez is 74.
Singer Lenny Welch is 73. Actress-singer Lainie Kazan is 71. Actress
Gunilla Hutton is 69. Country singer K.T. Oslin is 69. Singer-songwriter
Brian Eno is 63. Actor Nicholas Hammond (“The Sound of Music”) is 61.
Actor Chazz Palminteri is 59. Baseball Hall-of-Famer George Brett is 58.
Musician-composer Mike Oldfield (“Tubular Bells”) is 58. Actor Lee
Horsley is 56. TV personality Giselle Fernandez is 50. Football
Hall-of-Famer Emmitt Smith is 42. Singer-rapper Prince Be (PM Dawn) is
41. Actor Brad Rowe is 41. Actor David Charvet is 39. Rock musician
Ahmet Zappa is 37. NFL player Ray Lewis is 36. Olympic gold-medal
gymnast Amy Chow is 33. Actor David Krumholtz is 33. Actress Jamie-Lynn
Sigler is 30. Rock musician Nick Perri is 27.
Thought for Today: “Behavior is what a man does, not what he thinks, feels, or believes.” – Emily Dickinson (1830-1886).
(Above Advance for Use Sunday, May 15)
Copyright 2011, The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
Categories: Education, Local News
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